From meetings convened by researchers, scientists, publishers, scholars and academic institutions, including libraries, came three statements or declarations concerning open access to which their signatories pledged a committment to open access to research. The three major statements are linked and described below:
Budapest Open Access Initiative (Feb. 2002) BOAI calls for online access to the scientific and scholarly research texts, through self-archiving or open access journals, without asking for any kind of royalty or payment. As the BOAI public statement puts it, "[p]rimarily, this category encompasses...peer-reviewed journal articles, but it also includes any unreviewed preprints that [scholars] might wish to put online for comment or to alert colleagues to important research findings." It does not include books, including textbooks, from which their authors would prefer to generate revenue. It does not include any non-scholarly writings, such as novels or news.
Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003) The Bethesda statement also calls for free and unrestrictd access to scholarly works; however, it mandates deposit into at least one online repository immediately upon publication of the work.
Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (Oct. 2003) With the Berlin Declaration, there is a move beyond knowledge to include cultural heritage, and beyond primary literature to include original research results, raw data and metadata, course materials, digital representations of pictorial and graphical materials, and scholarly multimedia material.
Open access policies are increasingly being adopted by individual institutions, including universities and publishers. These policies typically endorse open access principles and define guidelines by which persons or publications covered by the policy should disseminate research and knowledge.
Locating Institutional Open Access Policies
To locate institutional open access policies from around the world, use the Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies (ROARMAP).
To locate the open access policies of publishers and journals, use the SHERPA/RoMEO site.
To locate the open access policies of research funders, use the SHERPA/JULIET site.
Select Campus Open Access Policies
Select Readings on Open Access Policies
Creaser, Claire. "Open Access to Research Output—Institutional Policies and Researchers' Views: Results From Two Complementary Surveys." New Review of Academic Librarianship 16, no. 1 (2010): 4-25. (Access Restricted to UF Only)
Harnad, Stevan, Les Carr, Alma Swan, Arthur Sale, and Hélène Bosc. "Open Access Repositories—Maximizing and Measuring Research Impact through University and Research-Funder Open-Access Self-Archiving Mandates." Wissenschaftsmanagement 4, no. 4 (2009): 36-41.
Moskovkin, V. M. "Institutional Policies for Open Access to the Results of Scientific Research." Scientific and Technical Information Processing 35, no. 8 (2008): 269-273. (Access Restricted to UF Only)
Priest, Eric A., Copyright and the Harvard Open Access Mandate (August 1, 2012). Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN.
Shulenburger, David. "University Public-Access Mandates Are Good for Science." PLoS Biology 7, no. 11 (2009).
Xia, Jingfeng, Sarah B. Gilchrist, Nathaniel X.P. Smith, Justin A. Kingery, Jennifer R. Radecki, Marcia L. Wilhelm, Keith C. Harrison, Michael L. Ashby, Alyson J. Mahn. "A Review of Open Access Self-Archiving Mandate Policies." portal: Libraries and the Academy 12, no. 1 (2012): 85-102.