Use standardized taxonomies, controlled vocabularies, and ontologies including domain, national, and international standards in the capture, management and archiving of data.
FAIRsharing is a register of metadata standards and their related databases and policies. Originally BioSharing (with a focus on the life sciences), it now serves all disciplines.
Disciplinary Metadata list developed by the UK's Digital Curation Center.
The NIH's Common Data Element (CDE) Resource Portal provides access to NIH-supported CDE initiatives and tools.
Common Data Elements (CDEs) are data elements common to multiple data sets across different studies. Use of CDEs can help improve data quality and the opportunity for comparison and combination of data from multiple studies.
CDISC is a global nonprofit whose goal is to develop standards for clinical research data collection. Standards areas include protocol representation, clinical data acquisition, and pharmcogenomics/genetics testing and description. You must create a free account to access the standards.
Librarians use discipline specific metadata and standards to find relevant information on daily basis. Consult your liaison librarian/ subject specialist on how to increase the visibility of your research data, add value to it, and comply with discipline-specific standards.
Information about data: the information required to understand data, context, quality, structure, and accessibility (Michener et al., 1997)
"Metadata is structured information that describes, explains, locates, or otherwise makes it easier to retrieve, use, or manage an information resource." (NISO, 2004)
Descriptive information that helps you and others discover and understand your data
“Data about data” that acts as a surrogate for your data when you or others are trying to:
Benefits of good metadata:
Basic information to keep:
More specific information varies by discipline
FAIR Data Principles state that data should be :