Q. What is peer review?
For an article to be published in an academic journal, it must be
examined by experts in the field. They determine whether the
information is reliable, well researched, and of interest to others who
study that subject. For a more detailed explaination, watch the video above, or check out the Science Library Tutorial.
In the traditional publication model, researchers (who are often publically funded) submit their articles to commercial publishers. This journal is then sold to libraries (which are also publically funded) where the research is accessible to the public. What if there was a way for publically funded research to be publically available for free? There is! Open Access!
Access (OA) is free, immediate, permanent online access to the full text of
research articles for anyone, worldwide. It removes commercial interest from the distribution of research results and makes important information accessible to everyone. Science disciplines have been at the forefront of advocating Open Access to further research. To learn more about OA, visit the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), and the Public Library of Science (PLoS).