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1. Scope includes non-biomedical topics
2. Website contains spelling and grammar errors
3. Images = distorted/fuzzy, unauthorized
4. Language on homepage targets authors
5. Index Copernicus Value promoted on website
6. No description of manuscript handling process
7. Requests manuscripts be send via email.
8. Promises rapid publication
9. No retraction policy
10. No info on whether/how journal content will be digitally preserved.
11. Very low (e.g. <$150USD) article processing/publication charge
12. Journal claiming to be open access either retains copyright of published research or fails to mention copyright
13. Contact email address is non-professional and non-journal-affiliated (e.g. @gmail or @yahoo.com)
Predatory publishing and cybercrime targeting academics.UmlaufMG, Mochizuki Y. Int J Nurs Pract. 2018 Apr;24 Suppl 1:e12656. doi: 10.1111/ijn.12656. Provides 2 bulleted lists of characteristics of suspected predatory journals and illustrates the differences between legitimate Open Access and predatory OA journals.
January 2018 Journal of General Internal Medicine article on variation from instructed/published word count in "the top 5 general medical journals" (NEJM. BMJ. Lancet, JAMA, Annals of Internal Medicine): No consensus on optimal word limit for research papers. Journal impact factor and article length predict # of times a medical article was cited. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5756173/
Anton Bespalov, Thomas Steckler, Phil Skolnick. European Neuropsychopharmacology 29 (12) : 1312-1320. Describes a set of criteria that can help scientists, reviewers and editors to publish technically sound, scientifically high-impact negative (or null) results originating from rigorously designed and executed studies. Proposed criteria emphasize the importance of collaborative efforts and communication among scientists (also including the authors of original publications with positive results)