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ENC 1102: Natural Sciences Resource Guide: Citing Sources

Resources to help you complete your ENC 1102 assignments. Use this guide for Weeks 5-12 assignments.

Anatomy of an citation

To cite your references properly, you must track the following information for all your resources:

Padilla, PB, & Nogales M (2009). Behavior of Kestrels Feeding on Frugivorious Lizards: Implications for Food Dispersal. Behavioral Ecology, 20(4), 872-877

  • Author(s)
  • Year
  • Article Title
  • Journal Title
  • Volume & Issue
  • Pages

The Citation Management guide describes several software tools you may use.

Citing from the Catalog

Look for the green pencil icon in the library catalog. Clicking on the "Cite This" tool will show you how to cite the source using APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA, and Turabian citation styles.

Citation Machine

Fill out the bibliographic information and Citation Machine will format to MLA, APA, Turabian, or Chicago style for you!

Why Cite?

We cite sources for several reasons:

  • To prove our information came from a credible source
  • To place our work in the context of others' 
  • To distinguish our work and ideas from others'
  • To give enough detail for others to consult our sources

New RefWorks Citation/Bibliography Creation Software

RefWorks can save you hours of time. This citation management software can store all your articles and reformat them to meet any citation style. As you search the library catalog, databases and other online resources, mark items of interest and upload their citations into RefWorks. RefWorks will generate bibilographies in BibTeX, HTML, Word, or Open Office format.

Already familiar with RefWorks, try the new version called New RefWorks.


How do I avoid plagiarism?

Q. How do I avoid plagiarism?

A. Properly cite your sources. As you collect information for your project or paper clearly note where your ideas are coming from. When you read books and articles, paraphrase the ideas in your own words to prove that you understand the concepts.

Follow the 26 Guidelines at a Glance on Avoiding Plagiarism from the U.S. Office of Research Integrity.

Play our game about scientific research ethics here to learn more about the complex issues surrounding plagiarism, data fabrication, and data falsification in the sciences.

To learn more, check out our Guide to Responsible Conduct of Resources in the Sciences.

Citation Management Software

These are some of the most popular programs for managing citations and creating bibliographies:

Free Anywhere

EndNote Online



Free at UF

F1000 SciWheel

Purchase Required




Anti-Plagiarism Resources

Use the information found in these links to avoiding common plagiarism issues.

Criteria for Evaluating a Resource

When evaluating a resource, whether it is print or internet-based, there are questions  use these questions to determine if it is high quality and a good match for your project or paper:

  • Authority
    Who created the resource? Are the author, organization, affiliations, and publisher clearly shown? If the page is web-based does it link to information about the organization? Do the author have credentials or expertise in the subject matter? Is the resource from a government agency, university, company, non-profit organization?

  • Accuracy
    Is the information contained in the source properly cited? Is there a bibliography or reference list? Can you verify the information in other sources? Is the information free of grammatical, spelling, and typographical errors? Are the statistical data clearly explained? Are charts and graphs properly represented and cited?

  • Objectivity
    Is the resource free of advertising, or is any advertising clearly separated from the content? Is there any bias? Is the sponsoring organization biased or motivated to report facts from a particular perspective?

  • Currency
    When was the information gathered? When was the resource created? When was it updated/ revised? Is it kept current? Is currency critical to your topic?

  • Coverage
    Is the information complete? Does it cover the subject in depth? Does it match your information needs?

These criteria were adapted from a worksheet used by the Widener Science Library.

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