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Women's & Gender Studies

Women's and Gender Studies research takes an interdisciplinary approach to the study of gender, its function in cultures and societies, and its intersections with race and class.

Selected Books

Selected Articles

Chin, E. (1999). Ethnically Correct Dolls: Toying with the Race Industry. American Anthropologist, 101(2), 305–321.

Cox, D.R. (1977). Barbie and Her Playmates. Journal of Popular Culture, 11(2), 303–307.

Forman-Brunell., M. (2012). Interrogating the Meanings of Dolls: New Directions in Doll Studies. Girlhood Studies, 5(1), 3–13.

Forman-Brunell, M. (2009). Barbie in" LIFE": The Life of Barbie. The Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth2(3), 303-311.

Gender and computer games literature – T.L. Taylor. (2013).

Hashmi,S. Vanderwert, R. E., Price, H. A., & Gerson, S. A. (2020). Exploring the Benefits of Doll Play Through Neuroscience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 14, 560176–560176.

Hashmi, S., Vanderwert, R. E., Paine, A. L., & Gerson, S. A. (2022). Doll play prompts social thinking and social talking: Representations of internal state language in the brain. Developmental Science, 25(2), e13163–n/a.

Lord, M. G. (2023, July 16). Opinion: Yes, Barbie is a feminist — just don’t ask her creators. Los Angeles Times; Los Angeles Times.

Maas, M. K. (2019). How toys became gendered – and why it’ll take more than a gender-neutral doll to change how boys perceive femininity. The Conversation.

Messner, M. A. (2000). Barbie Girls versus Sea Monsters: Children Constructing Gender. Gender and Society, 14(6), 765–784.

‌Pearson, M., & Mullins, P. R. (1999). Domesticating Barbie: An archaeology of Barbie material culture and domestic ideology. International Journal of Historical Archaeology3, 225-259.

Raynor, S. (2009). My First Black Barbie: Transforming the Image. Cultural Studies, Critical Methodologies, 9(2), 179–185.

Seltzer, S. (2023, July 19). How Barbie Helped Raise a Generation of Feminists. Time; Time.

Varney, W. (2002). Of Men and Machines: Images of Masculinity in Boys’ Toys. Feminist Studies, 28(1), 153–174.

Selected Resources

LGBTQ Video Game Archive. (2018). LGBTQ Video Game Archive; LGBTQ Video Game Archive.

The Strong National Museum of Play Digital Collections:

Toy Association Research and Data (some reports are restricted to members only): 

UF experts discuss 'Barbenheimer' UF College of Liberal Arts and Sciences' Sean P. Adams and Jillian Hernandez discuss the cultural context of "Barbie" and "Oppenheimer," through their work, legacy, and of course... the perfect viewing order.

Zandt, F. (April 26, 2023). Barbie's Popularity Props up Mattel Revenue [Digital image]. Retrieved July 26, 2023, from

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