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EVR3323: Citing Your Sources

Introduction to Ecosystem Restoration

Why Cite?

We cite sources for several reasons:

  • To prove our information came from a credible source
  • To place our work in the context of others' 
  • To distinguish our work and ideas from others'
  • To give enough detail for others to consult our sources

Anatomy of an citation

To cite your references properly, you must track the following information for all your resources:

Padilla, PB, & Nogales M. (2009). Behavior of Kestrels Feeding on Frugivorious Lizards: Implications for Food Dispersal. Behavioral Ecology, 20(4), 872-877. DOI (if applicable).

  • Author(s)
  • Year of Publication
  • Article Title
  • Journal Title
  • Volume & Issue
  • Pages
  • DOI

Tips to Avoid Plagiarism

Properly cite your sources. As you collect information for your project or paper, clearly note where your ideas are coming from. When you read books and articles, paraphrase the ideas in your own words to demonstrate your understanding of the original concepts. Use quotation marks when repeating others' words.

Follow the 26 Guidelines at a Glance on Avoiding Plagiarism from the U.S. Office of Research Integrity.

To learn more, check out the Guide to Responsible Conduct of Research.

Citation Format Required

For this class assignment, use the citation format preferred by the journal, Restoration Ecology.  See Literature Cited section of the journal's Author Guidelines.

Citation Management with EndNote

Use Citation Management software to organize your references and easily create a bibliography.  Shared folders are great for team research.

EndNote Basic Introduction

Start using EndNote Basic.


Register for a library workshop on citation management programs.  Compare other citation management options.

Import citations from article databases and output them into Word, BibTeX, HTML or Open Office format.

Citing from the Catalog

Cite your sources directly in the Library Catalog. Click on "Citation" and select a citation style (APA, Chicago, Harvard, MLA, etc). The citation will be copied to a clipboard for easy use.

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