Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

English Language Institute: Publication Types

A guide for English Language Institute library services.


International Journal of Osteoarchaeology

Scholarly Publication


Popular Publication


Trade Publication

Publication Types

Popular Publications:

  • Written by journalists, staff writers, freelance writers
    • often no or one author
  • Written for general audience to entertain and inform
    • unfamiliar tems explained
  • Writing style is informal
  • Sources may be mentioned, but unlikely to be formally cited
  • No formal sections or abstracts
  • Images are large and colorful
  • Not peer reviewed

Scholarly Publications:

  • Written by and for professors and researchers (scholars) in a field
    • often there are several authors
  • Use specialized language
  • Sources of information are cited in a formal style
    • may contain
      • endnotes,
      • footnotes,
      • and/or bibliography
  • Usually contains abstract, conclusion, bibliography
  • Images are charts, graphs and tables
  • Are peer reviewed

Trade Publications:

  • Written by specialists in a field
    •  often no or one author
  • Written for people in a field
  • Provides practical information or news
  • Use specialized language
  • Sources may be mentioned, but unlikely to be formally cited
  • Unlikely to have formal sections
  • Images illustrate concepts
  • Not peer reviewed
University of Florida Home Page

This page uses Google Analytics - (Google Privacy Policy)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.