These seventeenth century publications provide direct insight on how Africa and Africans were perceived by Europeans during this important time period. The view of Mombasa at the left is a detail from a map print in our collection, "Aden, Mombaza, Quiloa, Cefala" or Civitates Orbis Terrarum (1572-1618).
Books were at this time luxury goods owned only by the most wealthy, elite members of society (the introduction of the printing press in 1453 greatly increased the speed of book distribution, and according to contemporary observers dropped prices by 80 percent, but broad distribution to a wide range of readers was slow to develop). Prior to mass production of books, even examples from several hundred years ago are generally supple, easy to handle, and a pleasure to read. Note that most books were sold without boards or covers at this time period, and the current bindings weren't contemporary with their printing.
Class discussion centers on early books as luxury goods, uses for various editions, and the re-use of engraved plates (would now be considered plagiarism). Also discuss provenance and variation in bindings and paper quality, etc. Consider printing and binding expenses, artifactual value (vs. intellectual value of contents), condition, and provenance. Discuss changes in printing technology (woodcut vs. copper plate detail, durability for larger editions, resolution), contemporary knowledge of Africa by Europeans (reading the text and illustrations or cartouches for cultural-historical cues). Historical context of seventeenth century Europe (Age of Discovery, transmittal of African indigenous knowledge, trade routes, landmarks, and distances to Arab historians and European traders, etc.).
Consider what topics and which books were popular at different time periods, how tastes changed during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It's also interesting to look at differences in African and other readers' tastes: who reads what, where, and when? Why? What factors influence taste in reading materials?
Fine arts press books are created with special, artistic, craftsmanlike attention to the full range of the book arts (the paper and other materials employed, typography, creative writing, printing techniques, graphic design, binding, etc.). They represent a (now alternate) vision of what a book can be when it's created as an organic whole, with full attention brought to the quality of each element of its production. These books bring the audience, reader, or consumer of the work back full circle to the historical moment when books were luxury items created with the full devotion and attention of expert craftspeople producing the best possible product they could, and which have proven to survive quite well over many centuries. They remind us that books don't have to be merely a package for marketing content, but can be artifacts worthy of appreciation on their own terms. Almost no fine arts press books consider African related topics, so these examples represent an even smaller, super-specialized niche of this already arcane part of the book market.
African Studies related manuscripts in our primary source collections include materials collected by and/or relating to: Lewis Berner (a UF biologist who conducted anti-malaria work in West Africa during World War II), Gwendolen M. Carter (a political scientist focusing on South Africa and the anti-Apartheid struggle), Graham and Brian Child (wildlife conservation in Southern Africa, Brian is a UF Geographer), Ronald Cohen (retired UF anthropologist who workied in Northern Nigeria), the East African Professional Hunters Association (Kenya), George Fortune (a lingusit of Southern Bantu languages), Frank Jolles (collector of Richard Ndimande's Studio Photographs from South Africa), Rene Lemarchand (retired UF political science professor's materials largely relating to Rwanda and Burundi), Eugene Manis (a plant breeder who worked on a Firestone plantation in Liberia in 1941), Martin Rikli (filmmaker's photographic albums and related materials on Ethiopia at the time of the Second Italo-Ethiopian War of 1935-'36), and George Shepperson (historian's collection relating to Livingstone). Several small collections relate to particular author's works, and some miscellaneous topical collections including Notre Congo a collector card album on the former Belgian Congo. Use the Finding Aids and Browse by collection title or Browse by Subject links for more information.
While not special collections in the reproduction format our library owns, these are important collections of archival materials that may be difficult and expensive for researchers to access in the orignal. Archives available on microfilm include missionary society records; colonial government publications for Nigeria, Tanganyika and Zanzibar (Tanzania), Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia (Zambia and Zimbabwe), and Nyasaland (Malawi). Other large archival sets include the Bascom Yoruba collection and the files of the Sahel Documentation Center.
Note that many other collections not listed here are available to UF users via Interlibrary Loan from the Center for Research Libraries (CRL). Please feel free to contact a librarian for assistance in requests for CRL film sets; as institutional members, our users have the right to borrow large sets of microfilm for extended periods of time in order to pursue specialized research with these materials.
In some cases, online guides are available for assistance in working with these large, sometimes complex, materials. For example, see these guides for the CMS records, as well as the guides to the series of colonial government records titled "Government publications relating to African countries prior to independence" (see links from individual countries listed above).
“Onitsha Market literature” can be identified by using this phrase in the catalog or online.
Additional sources for information on Onitsha Market Literature: