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Guide to Researching in Florida's Colonial Papers: The Archive of the Condes of Revillagigedo on the New World

By Jason Zappulla and James Cusick

Álvaro Armada Barcaiztegui

The Archive of the Condes of Revillagigedo is made available for research through a contractual agreement between the University of Florida and don Álvaro Armada Barcaiztequi, Conde de Revilla-Gigedo. The University of Florida maintains a positive copy of the full microfilm of the collection and preserves a master negative. A second positive and master copy is held by the family of the Conde. The Archive is open for academic use and publication, provided researchers recognize that it is privately held, and that there are some restrictions on distribution of content. For information on using the archive, please see the "researcher agreement" appended to this page. 

Listen to a Musical Work

Condes de Revilla-Gigedo

A work for orchestra, harp, and voice (soprano) by Vicente Garcia Ruíz.  Via YouTube.

About the Composer

Introduction to the Archive of the Condes of Revillagigedo / Introducción del Archivo de los Condes de Revillagigedo

Archivo de los Condes de Revillagigedo (641 microfilm reels).

This collection of materials from the private family archive of Álvaro Armada Barcaiztegui, Conde de Revilla-Gigedo, contains historical records that are global in scope. The first and second conde served as viceroys of Mexico during critical eras in its eighteenth century development: Juan Francisco de Güemes y Horcasitas (1746-1755) and Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo (1789-1794). For the history of Florida, this archive is an essential source of information on the career of  Pedro Menéndez de Avilés and his "enterprise of Florida," the establishment of Saint Augustine and Santa Elena, and the creation of La Florida as a permanent colony of the Spanish empire. 

Among the Creators of the Archives

D. Pedro Menèndez de Avilès

Adelantado Mayor of La Florida, 1565-1574

Gobernador Perpètuo

Pedro Menèndez de Avilès was captain general of the Fleet of the Indies, explorer, colonizer, and founder of St. Augustine, Florida.  He established Florida as a Spanish colony, inaugurating two centuries of uncontested Spanish control of the peninsula.

Real Academia de la Historia

Nineteenth century copy of original by Titian, courtesy of don Álvaro Armada Barcaiztequi

D. Juan Francisco de Güemes y Horcasitas

Viceroy of Mexico, 1746-1755 

In the War of Jenkins' Ear (1739-1748), Juan Francisco defended the island of Cuba and dispatched aid to Florida.  As viceroy of Mexico, he oversaw expansion into Texas and other areas, undertook a reform of parishes, and greatly enhanced the power and prestige of his own family.

Real Academia del la Historia

Viceroys Portrait Gallery, Salon de Cabildos

D. Juan Vicente de Güemes Padilla Horcasitas y Aguayo

Viceroy of Mexico, 1789-1794

As viceroy Juan Vicente instituted major reforms for Mexico City, sponsored archaeological work that led to the discovery of Aztec calendrical stones, launched the expedition of Alejandro Malaspina to the coast of Alaska, and founded the Archivo General de la Nación.

Memoria Política de México

Viceroys Portrait Gallery, Salon de Cabildos

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